London Evaluation of Illness
The London Evaluation of Illness (LEVIL) is an application-based patient-reported outcome measures instrument completed by patients to perform a symptom intensity self-assessment. LEVIL evaluates 6 symptom domains including general well-being, pain, sleep, breathing, energy, and appetite, which were outcomes of interest determined by a literature review of published data on symptom burden in chronic kidney disease. Due to recent research findings we have added 3 additional questions on itch, restless legs, and recovery time from hemodialysis.
The London Evaluation of Illness has a very short recall period (24 hours), is intended for repeated use, and takes only seconds to complete, automatically uploading data for real time monitoring or subsequent analysis.